1919 - 1921
SECRETARY FOR WAR & AIR CHURCHILL CREATES A THUGGISH FORCE TO BRUTALLY
SUPPRESS THE IRISH REBELLION
In his capacity as 'Secretary of State for War (and Air), Winston Churchill establishes the Royal Irish
Constabulary Special Reserve, which comes to be known as 'The Black and Tans'. Churchill's
RICSR is a mercenary policing force recruited for the purpose of suppressing Irish independence.
Recruitment begins in Great Britain in late 1919. Thousands, many of them unemployed British
Army veterans of World War I, answer Churchill's call. By November 1921, about 9,500 men will have joined.
The nickname "Black and Tans" derives from the
colors of the uniforms they wear. The Black and Tans become infamous for their arbitrary reprisals against the civilian
population. In the summer of 1920, Churchill's thugs burn and sack small towns and villages throughout Ireland --
Tuam, Trim, Balbriggan, Knockcroghery, Thurles, Templemore and many others. In November 1920, the Tans besiege Tralee and
closed all the businesses in the town. No food is allowed in for one week and three local civilians are shot dead.
1- Churchill’s Black and Tans enjoy some laughs in Ireland.
2- Irish villagers mourn the brothers Patrick and Harry Loughnane. They were kidnapped, tortured, and
physically mutilated by Churchill’s boys.
3- Churchill's thugs are still remembered in
song and films
The Black and Tans are suspected of abducting and murdering a Roman Catholic priest,
Father Michael Griffin, in Galway, whose body is later found in a bog. In December, 1920, they sack Cork, destroying
a large part of the city centre. In January, 1921, the British Labor Commission issues a report that is highly critical
of the Churchill’s security policy in Ireland.
actions of the Black and Tans alienate public opinion in both Ireland and Great Britain. The violence only stiffens
Irish resolve while the British public presses for a peaceful resolution. Edward Wood MP, better known as the future
Foreign Secretary Lord Halifax, a pro-peace advocate who would clash with Churchill during World War II,
rejects force and urges the British government to make a generous offer to the Irish. Other Parliamentarians are also horrified
over the murderous tactics of Churchill's bad boys.
King, senior Anglican bishops, and parts of the press become increasingly critical of the Black and Tans. Says famed
Indian pacifist Mahatma Gandhi of the British peace offer:
"It is not fear of losing more (British) lives that has compelled a reluctant offer from England
but it is the shame of any further imposition of agony upon a people that loves liberty above everything else".
Due to the numerous war
crimes committed, the reputation of the Black and Tans is still hated in Ireland to this day. One of the best known
Irish Republican songs is "Come out Ye Black and Tans" and the Irish War of Independence is sometimes referred
to as the "Black-and-Tan War."
though the Black and Tans are still remembered and hated, Churchill's direct responsibility - thanks to the sanitizing of
Churchill's record by the court-historians of Anglo-American academia - is mostly forgotten. But facts, no matter how
well concealed, still remain facts. The murderous Black and Tans gang was the monster-brainchild of the
blood-thirsty bastard, Winston Churchill.
1 - Headline, 1920: “Bloody Sunday” in Dublin; Twenty-Six Dead, 70 Hurt
In Raids and Reprisals
2 & 3- The well-known opening track for a 1983 album released by the Irish Rock Group ‘U2’
is titled “Sunday, Bloody Sunday”. It refers to the ‘Bloody Sundays’ of 1920 and also 1972.